Shrewsbury is the county town of Shropshire, in the West Midlands region of England lying 9 miles (14 km) East of the Welsh border, with the River Severn flowing through its centre.
It is home to some 102,234 inhabitants, and is the primary settlement and headquarters of Shropshire Council. It is a historic market town with the town centre having a largely unaltered medieval street plan. The town features over 660 historic listed buildings, including several examples of timber framing from the 15th and 16th century. Shrewsbury Castle, a red sandstone castle fortification, and Shrewsbury Abbey, a former Benedictine monastery, were founded in 1074 and 1083 respectively, by the Norman Earl of Shrewsbury, Roger de Montgomery.
The town hosts one of the oldest and largest horticultural events in the country, Shrewsbury Flower Show, and is known for its floral displays, having won various awards since the turn of the 21st century, including Britain in Bloom in 2006 and 2014.
Today, Shrewsbury serves as a cultural and commercial centre for the county and a large area of mid-Wales, with retail output alone worth over £299 million per year. There are some light industry and distribution centres, such as Battlefield Enterprise Park and Shrewsbury Business Park, which are located mainly on the outskirts. The A5 and A49 trunk roads cross near to the town, as do five railway lines at Shrewsbury railway station.